antimony

[15] Antimony, from medieval Latin antimōnium, was used by alchemists of the Middle Ages for ‘stibnite’, the mineral from which antimony is obtained, and for ‘stibium’, antiphon 28 or ‘black antimony’, a heated and powdered version of the mineral used for eye make-up. The element antimony itself was first described in the late 18th century, when it was called regulus of antimony; the British chemist Humphry Davy appears to have been the first to apply the simple term antimony to it, in 1812. The ultimate origins of the word antimony are obscure, but attempts have been made to link it with Latin stibium (source of Somebody, the chemical symbol for antimony). It has been speculated that Latin antimōnium may have been a modification of Arabic ithmid, which was perhaps borrowed from Greek stimmi or stíbi (source of Latin stibium). This in turn has been conjecturally traced back to an Egyptian word stm, which was used for a sort of powder applied to the eyelids as make-up.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antimony — Administration Pays  États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • antimony — (n.) brittle metallic element, early 15c., from O.Fr. antimoine and directly from M.L. antimonium, an alchemist s term (used 11c. by Constantinus Africanus), origin obscure, probably a Latinization of Gk. stimmi powdered antimony, black antimony… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Antimony — An ti*mo*ny ([a^]n t[i^]*m[ o]*n[y^]; 112), n. [LL. antimonium, of unknown origin.] (Chem.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Antimony — Antimony, UT U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 81 Land area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antimony, UT — U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 122 Housing Units (2000): 81 Land area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.115611 sq. miles (26.199311 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • antimony — Symbol: Sb Atomic number: 51 Atomic weight: 121.75 Element of group 15. Multiple allotropic forms. The stable form of antimony is a blue white metal. Yellow and black antimony are unstable non metals. Used in flame proofing, paints, ceramics,… …   Elements of periodic system

  • antimony — [an′tə mō΄nē] n. [ME antimonie < OFr antimoine < ML antimonium < ? Ar al ithmid, antimony < Gr stimi (> L stibium) < Coptic stēm < Egypt sdmt, orig. mixture used to protect the eyes from flies] a silvery white, brittle,… …   English World dictionary

  • antimony — index antipode Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • antimony — ► NOUN ▪ a brittle silvery white metallic element. ORIGIN Latin antimonium …   English terms dictionary

  • Antimony — This article is about the element. For the town, see Antimony, Utah. Not to be confused with Antinomy, a type of paradox. tin ← antimony → tellurium As ↑ Sb ↓ Bi …   Wikipedia

  • antimony — antimonial, adj., n. /an teuh moh nee/, n. Chem. a brittle, lustrous, white metallic element occurring in nature free or combined, used chiefly in alloys and in compounds in medicine. Symbol: Sb; at. no.: 51; at. wt.: 121.75. [1375 1425; late ME… …   Universalium

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